Across the world today our climate is rapidly
changing. Shifting weather patterns mean that we are
becoming more familiar with dangerous extremes, continual
warming, species extinctions, and more unpredictable weather
patterns. Scientific consensus now acknowledges that this
process, known as climate change, is ‘man-made’ and is being
directly caused by the emission of so called greenhouse
gasses. These gasses, like Carbon Dioxide, result primarily
from the burning of fossil fuels (i.e. oil, natural gas, or
coal) to meet the worlds ever growing demand for energy.
Electricity, cars, lights – all are fuelled by fossil fuels.
Every minute, massive amounts of these resources are burnt,
generating huge amounts of Carbon Dioxide. When these gasses
enter the atmosphere they concentrate and form a layer
around the globe. This layer traps energy from the sun
causing the earth’s surface and oceans to heat up. Nowhere
is this more apparent than in the Arctic and Antarctic where
polar ice is rapidly melting, contributing to global sea
level rise. The effects of climate change are also becoming
apparent here in the UK. On average temperatures have grown
by more than 1 degree since the 1960’s, and we are becoming
more used to extreme weather events.
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